[18] Colorado, Wyoming, and Utah are the only states that have their borders defined solely by straight boundary lines with no natural features. Colorado municipalities operate under one of five types of municipal governing authority. As of December 2018[update], the state's unemployment rate was 4.2%. [52] In 1776, Spanish priest Silvestre Vélez de Escalante recorded that Native Americans in the area knew the river as el Rio Colorado for the red-brown silt that the river carried from the mountains. [143] DIA handles by far the largest volume of commercial air traffic in Colorado, and is the busiest U.S. hub airport between Chicago and the Pacific coast, making Denver the most important airport for connecting passenger traffic in the western United States. [60][61] Both the 1913-1914 Coalfield War and the Denver streetcar strike of 1920 resulted in federal troops intervening to end the violence. Roughly 70% of Colorado's population resides along the eastern edge of the Rocky Mountains in the Front Range Urban Corridor between Cheyenne, Wyoming, and Pueblo, Colorado. Conventional and unconventional natural gas output from several Colorado basins typically account for more than five percent of annual U.S. natural gas production. The federal benefit programs introduced by the CARES Act, including Pandemic Unemployment Assistance (PUA) and Pandemic Emergency Unemployment Compensation (PEUC), expire on December 31, 2020.By law, we cannot pay partial weeks, so the last payable week for benefits under these programs is December 26, 2020.We are awaiting Congressional action on the … [56] On August 1, 1876 (four weeks after the Centennial of the United States), U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant signed a proclamation admitting Colorado to the Union as the 38th state and earning it the moniker "Centennial State". [11] Colorado's most populous city and capital, is Denver. [63] More than 5,000 Colorado miners—many immigrants—are estimated to have died in accidents since records began to be formally collected following an accident in Crested Butte that killed 59 in 1884.[64]. A number of historic military forts, railways with trains still operating, mining ghost towns have been utilized and transformed for historical accuracy in well known films. In 1806, Zebulon Pike led a U.S. Army reconnaissance expedition into the disputed region. On This Page. Subterranean water is generally accessed through artesian wells. Northeast, east, and southeast Colorado are mostly the high plains, while Northern Colorado is a mix of high plains, foothills, and mountains. Colorado State Patrol Headquarters 700 Kipling Street Lakewood, CO 80215 303.239.4500 (8:00 AM - 5:00pm M-F) 303.239.4400 (8:00 AM - 5:00pm M-F) 303.239.4501 (24 Hours) Much of the state is sunny, and could produce solar power. Units of the National Park System in Colorado: Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}38°59′50″N 105°32′52″W / 38.9972°N 105.5478°W / 38.9972; -105.5478 (State of Colorado), This article is about the State of Colorado. Much of Colorado is very dry, with the state averaging only 17 inches (430 millimeters) of precipitation per year statewide. The Colorado Department of Agriculture's Industrial Hemp Program regulates only the cultivation of industrial hemp. It was the second-largest earthquake in Colorado's history. The Football Stadium District (FD or FTBL), approved by the voters to pay for and help build the, Local Improvement Districts (LID) within designated areas of southeast Jefferson and Boulder counties, The Metropolitan Major League Baseball Stadium District, approved by voters to pay for and help build the, Regional Transportation Authority (RTA) taxes at varying rates in Basalt, Carbondale, Glenwood Springs, Gunnison County. Denver is the capital and most populous city in Colorado. This region is partially protected from prevailing storms that blow in from the Pacific Ocean region by the high Rockies in the middle of Colorado. Early industry was based on the extraction and processing of minerals and agricultural products. It is the 8th most extensive and 21st most populous U.S. state. Colorado women were granted the right to vote on November 7, 1893, making Colorado the second state to grant universal suffrage and the first one by a popular vote (of Colorado men). [152], The most populous of the 14 Core Based Statistical Areas in Colorado is the Denver-Aurora-Broomfield, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area. (Birth rate of 14.6 per thousand.) The Territory of Colorado was organized on February 28, 1861,[12] and on August 1, 1876, U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant signed Proclamation 230 admitting Colorado to the Union as the 38th state. About 75% of the precipitation falls within the growing season, from April to September, but this area is very prone to droughts. Unlike most states, which calculate taxes based on federal adjusted gross income, Colorado taxes are based on taxable income—income after federal exemptions and federal itemized (or standard) deductions. Also prominent in or near the southern portion of the Western Slope are the Grand Mesa, which lies to the southeast of Grand Junction; the high San Juan Mountains, a rugged mountain range; and to the west of the San Juan Mountains, the Colorado Plateau, a high arid region that borders Southern Utah. This area includes several terrains and climates from alpine mountains to arid deserts. From west to east, the land of Colorado consists of desert lands, desert plateaus, alpine mountains, National Forests, relatively flat grasslands, scattered forests, buttes, and canyons in the western edge of the Great Plains. Notable examples include the 1965 Denver Flood,[35] the Big Thompson River flooding of 1976 and the 2013 Colorado floods. In much of the region, March is the snowiest month. Colorado Emergency Management. In 2012, voters amended the state constitution protecting "personal use" of marijuana for adults, establishing a framework to regulate cannabis in a manner similar to alcohol. CNBC's list of "Top States for Business for 2010" has recognized Colorado as the third-best state in the nation, falling short only to Texas and Virginia.[131]. Boulder, Colorado was named America's Foodiest Town 2010 by Bon Appétit. Colorado (/ˌkɒləˈrædoʊ, -ˈrɑːdoʊ/ (listen), other variants)[8][9][10] is a state in the western United States encompassing most of the southern Rocky Mountains as well as the northeastern portion of the Colorado Plateau and the western edge of the Great Plains. Doing Business in the State. state. Colorado's freight railroad network consists of 2,688 miles of Class I trackage. of Education's Free Summer Meal Sites, Accepting Sponsorship & Service Provider Applications, Press shift tab to access popular search terms. The Four Corners Monument in the southwest corner of Colorado marks the common boundary of Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, and Utah; the only such place in the United States. Thirty days later on February 28, 1861, outgoing U.S. President James Buchanan signed an Act of Congress organizing the free Territory of Colorado. The eastern edge of the Rocky Mountains was a major migration route that was important to the spread of early peoples throughout the Americas. Colorado has banned, via C.R.S. Locations merely a few miles apart can experience entirely different weather depending on the topography. However, some of the mountainous regions of Colorado receive a huge amount of moisture from winter snowfalls. Colorado now also has the largest annual production of beer of any state. [49], Colorado has recorded 525 earthquakes since 1973, a majority of which range 2 to 3.5 on the Richter scale.[50]. [153], The most populous extended metropolitan region in Rocky Mountain Region is the Front Range Urban Corridor along the northeast face of the Southern Rocky Mountains. The Anschutz sale was partly in response to the earlier merger of Burlington Northern and Santa Fe which formed the large Burlington Northern and Santa Fe Railway (BNSF), Union Pacific's principal competitor in western U.S. railroading. Much of the alpine snow melts by mid-August with the exception of a few snow-capped peaks and a few small glaciers. On November 7, 2000, 54% of Colorado voters passed Amendment 20, which amends the Colorado State constitution to allow the medical use of marijuana. Colorado has significant hydrocarbon resources. Notable peaks of the Rocky Mountains include Longs Peak, Mount Evans, Pikes Peak, and the Spanish Peaks near Walsenburg, in southern Colorado. This U.S. claim conflicted with the claim by Spain to the upper Arkansas River Basin as the exclusive trading zone of its colony of Santa Fé de Nuevo México. The average January temperature is 18 °F (−8 °C) in the morning and 48 °F (9 °C) in the afternoon, although variation between consecutive days can be 40 °F (20 °C). When state revenues exceed state constitutional limits, according to Colorado's Taxpayer Bill of Rights legislation, full-year Colorado residents can claim a sales tax refund on their individual state income tax return. Check flight prices and hotel availability for … Religious Data, Demographics and Statistics | Pew Research Center", "The Association of Religion Data Archives | State Membership Report", https://stateofchildhoodobesity.org/adult-obesity/, "Fattest States 2010: CalorieLab's Annual Obesity Map—State Obesity Rankings | CalorieLab—Health News & Information Blog", "Inequalities in Life Expectancy Among US Counties, 1980 to 2014", "Scenic Memorabilia: Colorado's Film Locations", "America's Foodiest Town 2010: Boulder, Colorado: In the Magazine", "Master Class: The Coloradans who've passed the Master Sommelier test that 97 percent fail", "As Skiers Depart Aspen, Chowhounds Take Their Place", "The Jefferson Cup Invitational Wine Competition", "Wine Industry Feature Articles—Is Colorado the New Washington? Grand Junction is also along the major railroad of the Western Slope, the Union Pacific. Tier II currently includes 26 regional organizations. There are also certain county and special district taxes that may apply. It is less populous than the Front Range but includes a large number of national parks and monuments. The Lindenmeier Site in Larimer County contains artifacts dating from approximately 11200 BC to 3000 BC. Only small parts of the Colorado Rockies are snow-covered year-round. The mountain climate ensures warm summer days and cool nights. Aspen also has a reputation as the culinary capital of the Rocky Mountain region. In the midst and aftermath of Civil War, many discouraged prospectors returned to their homes, but a few stayed and developed mines, mills, farms, ranches, roads, and towns in Colorado Territory. The first USS Colorado was named for the Colorado River and served in the Civil War and later the Asiatic Squadron, where it was attacked during the 1871 Korean Expedition. [29] The average July temperature is 55 °F (13 °C) in the morning and 90 °F (32 °C) in the afternoon. Program Members. For the river, see, Map of the United States with Colorado highlighted, Significant Initiatives and Legislation Enacted in Colorado, Report of the exploring expedition from Santa Fé, New Mexico, to the junction of the Grand and Green Rivers of the great Colorado of the West, in 1859: under the command of Capt. Other notable fires include the Fourmile Canyon Fire of 2010, the Waldo Canyon Fire and High Park Fire of June 2012, and the Black Forest Fire of June 2013. The TV series Good Luck Charlie was being filmed in Denver, Colorado. The Union Pacific linked up with the Central Pacific Railroad at Promontory Summit, Utah, on May 10, 1869, to form the First Transcontinental Railroad. Reminder: Applications must … twentieth busiest airport in the world by passenger traffic. [134] The state's economy broadened from its mid-19th-century roots in mining when irrigated agriculture developed, and by the late 19th century, raising livestock had become important. Celestial Seasonings herbal teas have been made in Boulder since 1969. Colorado is noted for its vivid landscape of mountains, forests, high plains, mesas, canyons, plateaus, rivers and desert lands. [100] Boulder, and Colorado in general, is home to a number of national food and beverage companies, top-tier restaurants and farmers' markets. The Pikes Peak International Hill Climb is a major hillclimbing motor race held at the Pikes Peak Highway. Find contact information and major state agencies and offices for the government of Colorado. In response to the Governor's COVID-19 Stay at Home Order effective March 26, 2020, DWR staff are working remotely. The Regional Transportation District (RTD) operates the popular RTD Bus & Rail transit system in the Denver Metropolitan Area. In 2017, Colorado recorded the second-lowest fertility rate in the United States outside of New England, after Oregon, at 1.63 children per woman. Most of Colorado is made up of mountains, foothills, high plains, and desert lands. Colorado is known for its Southwest and Rocky Mountain cuisine. The state rarely experiences a time when some portion is not in some degree of drought. Number of employer establishments: 165,264. Find things to do on the state of Colorado’s official travel site. Price drops and financing problems in late 2008 forced these companies to cancel or scale back uranium-mining project. Eastern Colorado is presently mainly farmland and rangeland, along with small farming villages and towns. 211 Colorado 2-1-1 is a confidential and multilingual service connecting people to vital resources across the state. Even these fires were exceeded in severity by the Pine Gulch Fire, Cameron Peak Fire and East Troublesome Fire in 2020, all being the three largest fires in Colorado history (see 2020 Colorado wildfires). [123], On November 6, 2012, voters amended the state constitution to protect "personal use" of marijuana for adults, establishing a framework to regulate marijuana in a manner similar to alcohol. Colorado is represented by two United States Senators: Colorado is represented by seven Representatives to the United States House of Representatives: In 1881 Colorado voters approved a referendum that selected Denver as the state capital. Colorado is a state in the United States. The summit of Mount Elbert at 14,440 feet (4,401.2 m) elevation in Lake County is the highest point in Colorado and the Rocky Mountains of North America. Get help finding answers to your State Agency online services questions at the bottom right-hand corner of this homepage. Having settled its border with Spain, the U.S. admitted the southeastern portion of the Territory of Missouri to the Union as the state of Missouri on August 10, 1821. [24] The Colorado plains are mostly prairies but also include deciduous forests, buttes, and canyons. Business Business & Licensing Office of the Secretary of State Colorado Office of Economic Development and International Trade. [96][97], According to a report in the Journal of the American Medical Association, residents of Colorado had a 2014 life expectancy of 80.21 years, the longest of any U.S. Several Air Force teams participate in other conferences, or as independents, in sports that the MW does not sponsor: Several Colorado teams participate in other conferences in sports that the Pac-12 does not sponsor: Several Denver teams participate in other conferences in sports that The Summit League does not sponsor: Several Northern Colorado teams participate in other conferences in sports that the Big Sky does not sponsor: Colorado individual income tax return (2005), By legislative act enacted August 1, 2012, approved by Governor, The lesser coat of arms of France as used by the, United States Declaration of Independence, expected to be heavily affected by climate change, Great Sand Dunes National Park and Preserve, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Provisional Government of the Territory of Jefferson, List of U.S. states by date of admission to the Union, 1903-1904 Western Federation of Miners Strike, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Journal of the American Medical Association, List of college athletic programs in Colorado, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Byron G. Rogers Federal Building and United States Courthouse. [27], In summer, this area can have many days above 95 °F (35 °C) and often 100 °F (38 °C). Most of the precipitation comes from thunderstorms, which can be severe, and from major snowstorms that occur in the winter and early spring. Above this tree line only alpine vegetation grows. Estes model rockets were launched in Penrose in 1958. Within the interior of the Rocky Mountains are several large parks which are high broad basins. In Colorado, this is managed by county motor vehicle offices. However, it became a competitive swing state in the 1990s. Request a … The Department also administers a certified seed program. In the second half of the 20th century, the industrial and service sectors have expanded greatly. The state's senior property tax exemption was temporarily suspended by the Colorado Legislature in 2003. A number of nationally known brand names have originated in Colorado factories and laboratories. Adults 21 years old and older: $30.87. Across the Sangre de Cristo Range to the east of the San Luis Valley lies the Wet Mountain Valley. Colorado is bordered by Wyoming to the north, Nebraska to the northeast, Kansas to the east, Oklahoma to the southeast, New Mexico to the south, Utah to the west, and touches Arizona to the southwest at the Four Corners. Water flowing out of the Colorado Rocky Mountains is a very significant source of water for the farms, towns, and cities of the southwest states of New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, and Nevada, as well as the Midwest, such as Nebraska and Kansas, and the southern states of Oklahoma and Texas. Having lost the supplies for their campaign and finding little support in New Mexico, the Texans abandoned Santa Fe and returned to San Antonio in defeat. [101], The Food & Wine Classic is held annually each June in Aspen, Colorado. The 30 highest major summits of the Rocky Mountains of North America all lie within the state. These basins, particularly the San Luis Valley, lie along the Rio Grande Rift, a major geological formation of the Rocky Mountains, and its branches. Hugh Davis Graham and Ted Robert Gurr, 1969. The estimated population of Colorado is 5,758,736 as of 2019, an increase of 14.5% since the 2010 United States Census.[11]. State Personnel Board 1525 Sherman St. 4th floor Denver, CO 80203. The difference between the highs of the days and the lows of the nights can be considerable as warmth dissipates to space during clear nights, the heat radiation not being trapped by clouds. On the effective date of the act through December 31, 2020, all employers in the state, regardless of size, are required to provide each of their employees paid sick leave for reasons related to the COVID-19 pandemic in the amounts and for the purposes specified in the federal "Emergency Paid Sick Leave Act" in the "Families First Coronavirus Response Act". Colorado's primary mode of transportation (in terms of passengers) is its highway system. Coloradans have elected 17 Democrats and 12 Republicans to the governorship in the last 100 years. [13][14] Colorado is a comparatively wealthy state, ranking 8th in household income in 2016,[15] and 11th in per capita income in 2010. Real estate and personal business property are taxable in Colorado. [28] On the plains, the winter lows usually range from 25 to −10 °F (−4 to −23 °C). From Denver came the forerunner of telecommunications giant Qwest in 1879, Samsonite luggage in 1910, Gates belts and hoses in 1911, and Russell Stover Candies in 1923. [68] The center of population of Colorado is located just north of the village of Critchell in Jefferson County.[69]. State Agency Directory Colorado. Colorado has a high proportion of Hispanic, mostly Mexican-American, citizens in Metropolitan Denver, Colorado Springs, as well as the smaller cities of Greeley and Pueblo, and elsewhere. The state also has a water court, which sits in seven distinct divisions around the state and which decides matters relating to water rights and the use and administration of water. [38] The United States Environmental Protection Agency has more broadly reported: The highest official ambient air temperature ever recorded in Colorado was 115 °F (46.1 °C) on July 20, 2019, at John Martin Dam. The Rocky Mountains within Colorado contain 53 true peaks with a total of 58 that are 14,000 feet (4,267 m) or higher in elevation above sea level, known as fourteeners. ", "Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau : U.S. Department of the Treasury : Tables", "Colorado Wine Industry Development Board", "Grand Valley, Colorado—Top 10 Wine Getaways 2018—Wine Enthusiast Magazine", "A new Rocky Mountain high: Colorado open for cannabis tourism—The Santa Fe New Mexican: Travel", "Marijuana Sales Reports—Department of Revenue", "Marijuana Tax Data—Department of Revenue", "Industrial Hemp | Department of Agriculture—Plants", "Active State Medical Marijuana Programs—NORML", "Full Text of Colorado Amendment 20—Medical Use of Marijuana 2000", "Almost half of Colorado's marijuana money can go wherever lawmakers wish", "ACLU Joins Campaign To Regulate Marijuana Like Alcohol—ACLU—Colorado", "Colorado Stores Throw Open Their Doors to Pot Buyers", Rocky Mountain Intercollegiate Ski Association, "America's Top States for Business: Overall Rankings—2010", "Colorado Land Ownership by County (acres)", "Colorado rides on Fat Tire to beer heights", "News Release: Colorado Tourism Sets All-time Visitor Spending Record in 2018 | Colorado.com", "Local Area Unemployment Statistics Home Page", "Inspired by West Virginia Strike, Teachers in Oklahoma and Kentucky Plan Walk Out", "Immigrants here illegally begin receiving Colorado driver licenses", "524 Non-Citizens Received Regular Colorado Driver's Licenses, DMV Says", "State of Residence in 2000 by State of Birth", "OMB Bulletin No. Individual child support orders are managed by Colorado's county child support offices. Kuner canned vegetables began in Brighton in 1864. Small Business Events in Your Area. The state legislative body is the Colorado General Assembly, which is made up of two houses - the House of Representatives and the Senate. These organizations must provide for the enlightenment and entertainment of the public through the production, presentation, exhibition, advancement or preservation of art, music, theater, dance, zoology, botany, natural history or cultural history. In 1988 the "Rio Grande" acquired, but was merged into, the Southern Pacific Railroad by their joint owner Philip Anschutz. In the 2016 election, the Democratic party won the Colorado electoral college votes. The present-day Swift packed meat of Greeley evolved from Monfort of Colorado, Inc., established in 1930. Nine Colorado counties have a population in excess of 250,000 each, while eight Colorado counties have a population of less than 2,500 each. Higher education in and near the Western Slope can be found at Colorado Mesa University in Grand Junction, Western Colorado University in Gunnison, Fort Lewis College in Durango, and Colorado Mountain College in Glenwood Springs and Steamboat Springs. The Colorado River flows through Glenwood Canyon, and then through an arid valley made up of desert from Rifle to Parachute, through the desert canyon of De Beque Canyon, and into the arid desert of Grand Valley, where the city of Grand Junction is located. Mexico surrendered its northern territory to the U.S. with the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo at the conclusion of the war in 1848. The Cherry Hills Country Club has hosted several professional golf tournaments, including the U.S. Open, U.S. Senior Open, U.S. Women's Open, PGA Championship and BMW Championship. : Applications must … Colorado parks and monuments and Arapaho encamped along Sand Creek massacre natural gas output several! By voter referendum, a coeducational sport with men 's and women 's squads, also as..., [ 35 ] the Hispanic population is estimated to be mostly dry and cold. [ 36 ] income. 2.9 % on retail sales and use tax ( one penny on every $ 10.. Is a part of the Mountain States and is a nationally recognized leader in conservation, outdoor recreation and management! Scientific research and high-technology industries boulder, Colorado. [ 159 ] three `` tiers among... All of the Colorado River originated in the North and the 2013 Colorado floods is made of... Output from several Colorado basins typically account for more than five percent annual... Korean, Southeast Asian, and non-Hispanic Whites made up 22 % of all the births [ 75 spoken... Of 2,688 miles of Class I trackage remained fiercely loyal to the base state rate since at least 1953 and. ) west-southwest of the region of the state 's diverse geography and majestic Mountains millions. 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